Culture

Spirit houses nourish the souls

A photograph of the author, Austin Bailey.

By Austin Bailey

April 24, 2019

Spirit houses nourish the souls

In This Article

  • Spirit houses provide fuel and a resting spot for traveling souls and nature gods.
  • Ranging from rustic to ornate, spirit houses can be found at practically every home in Cambodia.

The spirits are always nearby in Cambodia. Practically every house in both cities and the countryside offer up places of honor where nature gods and the souls of departed ancestors are invited to rest. These ubiquitous spirit houses range from rustic to palatial and the specific purposes for them vary by region, but you can count on finding them everywhere.

The ashes of the departed are placed inside spirit houses seven days after death.

The most basic spirit houses are flimsy roadside affairs put together with scrap wood or metal sheeting. The fanciest spirit houses look like ornate miniature temples atop decorative pillars. Many of them feature nagas, the symbolically rich mythical serpents that represent fertility, steadfastness and royalty in Hindu and Buddhist traditions. The larger houses are handmade with concrete, then painted a blinding gold. They can take two to four days to build and go for the equivalent of $600 or more.

Artisan Em Sameoun crafts spirit houses and Buddhist statuary at his roadside workshop.

Buddhism, with its belief in reincarnation, is the official religion in Cambodia. Khmer traditions calling for honoring ancestors and nature spirits predates Buddhism and is a practice that holds firm, especially in rural areas. Spirit houses can fit into multiple traditions at once. Both Buddhists and animists believe that building spirit houses shows respect to spirits of people who died recently.

Spirit houses are often modeled on Buddhist temples like this one in Phnom Penh.

Buddhists believe that leaving offerings of food and water provide the recently deceased with the fuel they need to get to the underworld, where they can await rebirth. Family members place the ashes of the dead into spirit houses seven days after they died, sending them off on their journey to their next life, explained artisan Em Sameoun, who crafts spirit houses and Buddhist statuary at a roadside workshop in Cambodia’s Takeo province. Followers of animist beliefs leave food, flowers and incense in spirit houses to appease the nature spirits, lest they get angry and come inside people’s homes to inflict disease or other misfortune.

A new spirit house is for sale at a roadside shop.

While the designs vary by region, spirit houses are also popular in Burma, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.