38%Below the poverty line
14%Children under 5 are malnourished
66%Rely on agriculture for livelihood
Since 1990, Uganda has made great strides in reducing extreme hunger and poverty. According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Uganda reduced hunger by 15 percent, but under nutrition increased by 30 percent (UNDP). Uganda ranks 164 out of 187 countries according to the United Nation’s Human Development Index (2014). Almost 38 percent of its 85 million people live below the poverty line, or $1.25 a day, and 14 percent of its children under 5 are malnourished.
Eighty-five percent of Uganda’s population live in rural areas. Seventy-one percent of its land area is used for agricultural purposes and 66 percent of its total population relies on agriculture for its livelihood, indicating the importance of livestock and crops for small-scale farmers.