68%Below the poverty line
16%Children under 5 are malnourished
76%Rely on agriculture for livelihood
Poverty reduction in Tanzania remains a challenge. Approximately 68 percent of its 44.9 million citizens live below the poverty line of $1.25 a day and 16 percent of its children under 5 are malnourished. The most prominent challenges Tanzania faces in poverty reduction are unsustainable harvesting of its natural resources, unchecked cultivation, climate change and water- source encroachment, according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
There are very few resources for Tanzanians in terms of credit services, infrastructure or availability to improved agricultural technologies, which further exacerbates hunger and poverty in the country according to the UNDP. Seventy-six percent of Tanzanians rely on agriculture for their livelihoods, yet only 46 percent of its landmass is currently used for agriculture. Tanzania ranks 159 out of 187 countries in poverty according to the United Nation’s Human Development Index (2014).