75%Land area used for agriculture
12%Children are malnourished
63%Live below poverty line
The development strategies implemented after the 1994 genocide resulted in a 12 percent decline in extreme hunger and poverty between 2006 and 2011 according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Improving agricultural productivity at the household level was, and still is, a priority of the Rwandan government’s Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy.
Seventy-five percent of Rwanda’s land area is utilized for agricultural activities, making agriculture the primary economic activity. Seventy-eight percent of the country’s population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods, and yet this is the group most affected by poverty.
Sixty-three percent of the 11.78 million Rwandans still survive on $1.25 or less per day and about 12 percent of its children are malnourished. The country is rated 151 out of 187 countries on the United Nation’s Human Development Index (2014).