62%Live below the poverty line
14%Children under 5 are malnourished
Malawi is ranked as 170 out of 187 countries according to the United Nation’s Human Development Index. Almost 62 percent of its 16 million people live on $1.25 a day or less, and 14 percent of its children under five are malnourished.
Eighty-four percent of Malawi’s population live in rural areas, yet only 61 percent of its land area is used for agricultural purposes, while another 20 percent is covered by Lake Malawi.
Livestock plays an important role in meeting some of Malawi’s challenges and alleviating food insecurity. Apart from providing food and income, livestock also provides manure, milk and value- added materials such as hides. Some of Malawi’s biggest challenges, according to the U.N., include inadequate financial resources, high population growth, environmental degradation, inadequate health care, over dependence on rain-fed agriculture and HIV/AIDS.