No javascript detected! Our online shopping basket requires javascript. You can also complete your order by phone at 855.9HUNGER
You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security. You can also complete your order by phone at 855.9HUNGER

Peggy Reiff Miller, World Ark Contributor

"Thirty-two cowboys back at sea,
Getting homesick as they could be,
Spent Christmas Day out on the deep,
And dreamt of home while fast asleep."

So wrote 23-year-old Willard Bontrager in “An Ode to 32 Cowboys,” a poem he presented to his crew at their Christmas program on the SS Morgantown Victory on Dec. 25, 1946.

Crew of the Morgantown Victory
Willard Bontrager's crew on the SS Morgantown Victory delivered 750 horses to Yugoslavia in December 1946. Photo courtesy Harold Cullar.

How did these men come to be at sea on Christmas? Heifer International’s predecessor, the Heifer Project, was a program of the Brethren Service Committee of the Church of the Brethren. At the end of World War II, the Brethren Service Committee entered into an agreement with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to recruit all of the cattle attendants needed for 360 livestock shipments to help devastated countries rebuild. In return, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration agreed to ship Heifer Project animals free of charge.

About 7,000 men of all ages, religions, colors and walks of life responded to the call for “seagoing cowboys” in 1945 and 1946. A number of these cowboys found themselves away from home over the holidays, many for the first time. As Bontrager’s ode suggests, this affected some more than others.

Cowboy Al Guyer of the SS Mexican had already been to Poland in 1945. There he had seen and smelled the rubble of war and experienced the hospitality of grateful Heifer Project recipients in the village of Suchy Dab. That Christmas Eve found him on his way home off the coast of Norway, where the SS Mexican was sitting out a storm.

“I hunkered down on the side of the ship where the wind was not blowing, and I was so homesick,” Guyer said. “I could look out and see that shore of rocks and waves, imagining being thrown on the rocks.”

Caroling cowboys
Cowboys sing carols on the Attleboro Victory after delivering mules to crete in 1946. Photo courtesy Harold Cullar.

But the storm didn’t stop the festivities Christmas Day. Guyer’s shipmate Calvert Petre noted in his journal, “[J]ust when they had the tables set for the feast they sent word down to watch the tables. No one took them serious enough and when the storm hit us broadside, what a roll! It slid oranges, apples, candy, plates, and boys all on a pile.” They reset the tables and soon were digging into a duck dinner with all the trimmings. Some cowboys were not able to enjoy their special Christmas meals, though.

SS Santiago Iglesias cowboy Milt Lohr said in his diary, “Nearly everyone off feed (seasick).” His ship got caught in the same storm as the SS Mexican. Festivities in the cowboys’ quarters didn’t stop with food. 

On the return trip of the SS Rockland Victory in 1945, cowboy Carly Geisler noted, “We had brought a tree along from Poland and celebrated a very blessed Christmas in mid- Atlantic,” complete with a Christmas Eve program and a Christmas Day party with a gift exchange they had planned before leaving Poland.

Some crews got creative in their gift giving. Glenn Stauffer, of the 1946 crew of the William S. Halsted, recorded in his diary that “John took Bohn’s pajamas this p.m. and wrapped them up for him. Jake’s and Ray’s hats were wrapped up for them. Ted got a package with old razor blades, a spike, etc.”

Most of the cowboy crews had special Christmas services or programs of some sort. On the SS Carroll Victory, in early December 1946, Charlie Lord organized a glee club. “We figured nine carols tonight that we can do,” he wrote his wife. “We have no pitch pipe, let alone piano. I used a harmonica for a pitch pipe tonight. The rehearsal was quite successful, I thought.” And the Christmas Eve program too was complete with sheep bell accompaniment on “Jingle Bells.” Having just crossed the equator on their way back to Greece from South Africa, sweat rolled off the choir in their uniforms of white T-shirts and white shorts as they sang their finale, “White Christmas.” Cowboy Paul Beard, one of several photographers in this crew, showed slides on the wall of snowy roads, woods and glistening treetops as the choir sang to their enthusiastic audience of cowboys and a half-dozen of the ship’s crew. Caroling outside the captain’s stateroom followed, making a memorable Christmas for all.

The SS Morgantown Victory cowboys
SS Morgantown Victory cowboys (from left) Hugh Ehrman, Sanford Summers, Ellis Friedline and Ray Keim spend Christmas Day in Nowy Port, Poland.

For the crews who weren’t at sea on Christmas, the holiday could be a day of contrasts. The SS Morgantown Victory pulled into Nowy Port, Poland, Christmas Eve afternoon 1945 to find a town in ruins. Christmas morning, four cowboys attended a Catholic Christmas Mass, entering a crowded church, its doors and walls decorated with bullet holes. They later happened upon the home of a photographer and had their picture taken. The family invited them in to see their tree, served them orange cake, sold them some of their china, and told them, “It is just like God coming into our home.” Ray Keim, one of these four cowboys, recalled that two others in their crew gave up their Christmas dinner of turkey and veal and all the trimmings so two Polish children could come on board and eat. “They were so overwhelmed by the sight and smells of the food that they hardly ate anything,” Keim said.

In the afternoon, the foursome went into Gdansk (formerly Danzig). “Lots of people covered up because of being in cellar whenhome blown up,” Hugh Ehrman jotted in his diary that night, a sobering thought after returning to the ship for supper and singing songs in one of their rooms to end their holiday.

The following December, the SS William Halsted delivered its livestock shipment to that same port. The heifers were distributed to orphanages and individuals near Warsaw and in the former East Prussian district of Mazury. The Brethren Service Committee had sent along food, clothing, medicine and books to be distributed, as well. The committee had made arrangements for cowboy supervisor L.W. Shultz and three of his crew to stay in Poland for several weeks to do some followup work. The Halsted’s captain insisted they return with the ship Dec. 11, but a determined Shultz and his men went AWOL, staying the night before the ship was to leave with an old cobbler they had met.

They returned to the pier the next morning to wave to the departing cowboys, who knew they were staying behind. Shultz and his men spent a memorable Christmas at the orphanage of Villa Skaut in Konstancin outside of Warsaw. A heifer named “Hope,” donated by the Coventry Church of the Brethren in Pennsylvania, her calf, and another heifer went to this orphanage. 

Two heifers arrive at the Villa Skraut orphanage in Konstancin, Poland. Photo courtesy Ray Zook.
Two heifers arrive at the Villa Skraut orphanage in Konstancin, Poland. Photo courtesy Ray Zook.

“What a welcome the children gave these cows!” Shultz reported. The cowboys took along gifts of school supplies and personal items for the children. “It was a never-to-be-forgotten Christmas time,” Shultz wrote. “Christmas Eve, presenting gifts with St. Mikolaj (St. Nicholas). Christmas services on Dec. 25 in the morning, and the singing of Polish and English carols and songs in the evening until late at night. ... ‘Hope’ is really a lifeline for these children,” he concluded. “To all American Christians who have remembered them with food (even some chicken), clothing, and now ‘Hope’ they say ‘Dziekuje’ (thank you).”

 

Free Download

You only need to enter this information once to download digital resources.

Basket Summary

edit
Your gift will be matched!

{{ product.title }} {{ product.subTitle }}

Qty: {{ product.quantity }} @ {{ product.price | currency }} Qty: {{ product.quantity }} @ FREE Monthly
{{ (product.quantity * product.price) | currency }} Free

No products in cart.

Additional Impact {{ processingFee | currency }} Sub-total {{ cartSubTotal | currency }} Shipping Cost {{ orderShippingCost | currency }} NOT YET CALCULATED Tax Cost {{ orderTax | currency }} NOT YET CALCULATED Total {{ cartTotal | currency }} Monthly Total {{ cartSubscriptionTotal | currency }}

{{ cartCheckoutPath[1].title }}

edit

Billing Address

{{ billingAddress.first_name }} {{ billingAddress.last_name }} {{ billingAddress.address_1 }} {{ billingAddress.address_2 }} {{ billingAddress.city }}, {{ billingAddress.state }} {{ billingAddress.zip }} {{ billingAddress.country }}

Company

{{ billingAddress.company }}

Shipping Address

{{ shippingAddress.first_name }} {{ shippingAddress.last_name }} {{ shippingAddress.address_1 }} {{ shippingAddress.address_2 }} {{ shippingAddress.city }}, {{ shippingAddress.state }} {{ shippingAddress.zip }} {{ shippingAddress.country }}
edit

Shipping Method

{{ orderShippingOption.description }}

Basket Summary

Step 1 of 2 Step 1 of 3 Step 1 of 4
All major credit cards and Paypal accepted
All major credit cards accepted
Your gift will be matched!
Your basket has been updated.
The following item(s) are now sold-out or unavailable and have been removed from your cart:
-{{ product.title }} {{ product.subTitle}} ({{ product.quantity}})

{{ product.title }} {{ product.subTitle }} To: {{ product.giftCardRecipientName }} From: {{ product.giftCardSenderPrint }} Email: {{ product.giftCardRecipientEmail }} Delivery: {{ product.giftCardDeliveryDate }} Message: {{ product.giftCardMessage | truncate '200' }} Activation Code: {{ product.giftCardCode }} Delivery: {{ product.additional_info['deliveryDate'] }} Message: {{ product.additional_info['personalMessage'] | truncate '200' }} 1 {{prods["title"]}}

{{ (product.quantity * product.price) | currency }}/month
You've reached the maximum number of products for this item.
You've reached the maximum number of products for this item.
${{ product.price }}
$ {{ product.price }} Free
Remove
Great! We'll help you set up your free Honor Card after your donation is complete.

Gift Message

Personalize your message up to 5 lines in length.

Preview

heifer.org
Subtotal {{ cartSubTotal | currency }}
Monthly Subtotal {{ cartSubscriptionTotal | currency }}
It's not a hand out. It's a hand up.

For maximum impact, try adding a few items to your basket.

Browse The Gift Catalog
Secured Checkout

Increase Your Impact with a Donation Visit the Gift Catalog

Make an even bigger impact with a donation from our Gift Catalog

Responsibly-Sourced, Artisan-Friendly Gifts Shop the Marketplace

Shop the Marketplace for responsibly-sourced, artisan-friendly gifts
Secured Checkout
Continue Shopping
Edit Basket Summary

{{ cartCheckoutPath[1].title }}

Step 2 of 2 Step 2 of 3 Step 2 of 4
All major credit cards and Paypal accepted
All major credit cards accepted
Shipping Information

If you have received a gift catalog in the mail please enter the highlighted code that begins with a "D" or a "P" in the source code box below. If you have not received a Heifer Gift Catalog please leave the source code blank.

Shipping Address
Secured Checkout
Secured Checkout
Edit Basket Summary

{{ cartCheckoutPath[1].title }}

Step 2 of 3 Step 2 of 3 Step 2 of 4
All major credit cards and Paypal accepted
All major credit cards accepted
Billing Information
Enter your company name to see if your employer will match your gift.

If you have received a gift catalog in the mail please enter the highlighted code that begins with a "D" or a "P" in the source code box below. If you have not received a Heifer Gift Catalog please leave the source code blank.

Billing Address
Secured Checkout
Secured Checkout
Edit Basket Summary

{{ cartCheckoutPath[1].title }}

Step 2 of 3 Step 2 of 3 Step 2 of 4
All major credit cards and Paypal accepted
All major credit cards accepted
Billing Information
Enter your company name to see if your employer will match your gift.

If you have received a gift catalog in the mail please enter the highlighted code that begins with a "D" or a "P" in the source code box below. If you have not received a Heifer Gift Catalog please leave the source code blank.

Billing Address
Shipping Information

If you have received a gift catalog in the mail please enter the highlighted code that begins with a "D" or a "P" in the source code box below. If you have not received a Heifer Gift Catalog please leave the source code blank.

Shipping Address
Secured Checkout
Secured Checkout
Edit Basket Summary

{{ cartCheckoutPath[2].title }}

Step 3 of 3 Step 3 of 3 Step 3 of 4 Select shipping method. Orders after 12:00 PM CST will be shipped the next business day. Orders on Saturday or Sunday will be shipped the next business day.
{{shippingOption.description}} ${{shippingOption.shippingCost}}
Secured Checkout
Secured Checkout
Edit Basket Summary Edit {{ cartCheckoutPath[1].title }}

Payment Information

Step 3 of 3 Step 3 of 3 Step 4 of 4
All major credit cards and Paypal accepted
All major credit cards accepted

Payment Summary

Additional Impact {{ processingFee | currency }} Sub-total {{ cartSubTotal | currency }} Shipping Cost {{ orderShippingCost | currency }} NOT YET CALCULATED Tax Cost {{ orderTax | currency }} NOT YET CALCULATED Total {{ cartTotal | currency }} Monthly Total {{ cartSubscriptionTotal | currency }}

Pay By Credit Card
Pay with
Pay with
We were not able to process your request. Please try again or contact Donor Services at 855.9HUNGER (855.948.6437).
Secured Checkout