32%Land area used for agriculture
75%Live under the poverty line
15%Children under 5 are malnourished
Agriculture plays a prominent role in the lives of Zambians. Sixty percent of Zambia’s population lives in rural areas, and the World Bank reports that while only 32 percent of its land area is used for agricultural purposes, 72 percent of its total population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods.
Despite government aide, the poverty rate remains high. Zambia ranks 141 out of 187 countries according to the United Nation’s Human Development Index (2014). Almost 75 percent of its 14.54 million people live under the poverty line, or $1.25 a day, and 15 percent of its children under 5 are malnourished.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) listed small-scale agriculture and diversification of the rural economy as key ways in which Zambia can eradicate extreme hunger and poverty.