Heifer camels boost Samburu women’s nutrition and status in Kenya.

By Jocelyn Edwards, World Ark contributor
Photos by Russell Powell

The camel has brought a big change in the life of Debele Leisingobonai.
Debele Leisingobonai (above) said, "The camel has brought a big change because when the rest of the animals are far away, the camel is with me, and I get milk in the morning and evening to satisfy my family."

SAMBURU, Kenya — Marasae Lenthe stands by watching as her camel nuzzles its big-eyed, gangly-limbed calf. The feeling she gets seeing the mother camel is a good one.

"It's very beautiful when it’s standing in front of the house," she said. "You can't even feel hungry when you see it. Before (the camel), my calabashes were dry. But now they are wet with the milk that I'm getting from my camel."

The Samburu Camel Project supports the pastoralist way of life in Kenya by reducing the vulnerability of women like Lenthe during the dry season. For years, women, children and the elderly in Samburu would suffer when men would migrate with their cattle and goats in search of water and pasture. But the Heifer camels offer the women of this semi-nomadic community a drought-resistant source of food and income during lean times.

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Camels also act as a stash of emergency cash for women during the dry season. A herd of animals serves as a pastoralist's bank account; when there is an emergency, the family will sell a goat or cow to raise money. But when the herds migrate, women are left without access to their family's capital.

Thriving in Tanzania

Meet the Kitamari family. Their small plot of land is now an organic farming system, complete with goats, crops and fish. "Mr. Camel" began raising camels after drought claimed the lives of his cattle. Now he sells camel milk for a profit.

Three sisters, Shanap Leungat, Nameni Lekoshere and Mpaari Lemungat are responsible for herding and caring for the family camels after their mother's death.
Three sisters, Shanap Leungat, Nameni Lekoshere and Mpaari Lemungat are responsible for herding and caring for the family camels after their mother's death.

Selling camel milk provides the women with an income of their own. Samson Lebitiling, chief of the village of Ngrunit, said he has seen the women's ability to provide for their families increase exponentially after receiving the ungulates.
"It assists the children to get school fees," he says. "If someone is sick, (the women) will sell a camel and take the patient to the health center."

Working with the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, women from the project have also made dried meat, cheese and other milk-based products. And as an added benefit, camel ownership has helped to increase the status of women in this community.

"Before, the cows and the goats were owned by my husband; all the ownership belonged to him," Leisingobanai said. "But now since I have got a camel, we own all the animals together. I just thank God and the people who gave me this camel."

Change a Life with a Camel

In Tanzania, Maasai women wear traditional dress while milking camels by hand. Heifer International gave camels and training to many Maasai people since the animals are more drought tolerant than traditional cattle.

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Download the World Ark tablet app on iPad, Android or Kindle Fire devices for Jocelyn Edwards' story on the Karamojong pastoralists in Uganda, whose animals were seized as part of a government resettlement project.

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