Heifer's Work in Romania
Romania is located at the crossroads of central and southeastern Europe. With a population of over 21.5 million people, it has the 7th largest population and is the 9th largest country in the European Union. Romania formed when the territories of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united at the end of World War I. With partial occupation by the Soviet Union, the country became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact until the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989. Since, Romania has become a stable democracy and marked by its induction into NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007.
In Romania, the challenge of getting produce to markets has created a negative trend in livestock and farms while the demand for agricultural products are on the rise.
As of the late 2000's, 43 percent of Romania’s population lived in rural areas and almost 10 percent of the population lived in absolute poverty. Consequently, the challenge of getting produce to markets has created a negative trend in livestock and farms while the demand for agricultural products are on the rise. Heifer’s work in Romania focuses primarily on advocating for small farmers and linking them to markets in need of their products.
Heifer in Romania was established in 1991 and approved the first project, “Angora Goat Production on Family Farms in Romania”, in 1992. Five years later, in 1997, Heifer Romania office opened. Since then, Heifer International has operated an authorized office in Romania and has spread its activity all over Romania and the neighboring countries of Moldova (since 2002) and Bulgaria (since 2007). Heifer Romania Country Program operates through the legally registered Romanian foundation “Fundatia Heifer Project pentru Romania”. Presently Heifer Romania has 40 historical and 20 active projects, mainly characterized by diversity.